Under normal circumstances you do not need SSH access to your AKS nodes. Even when you create a new AKS cluster you do not have to provide an admin username and a public SSH key.
|Deployment method||admin username required?||public SSH key required?|
|Azure portal||No, cannot be set||No, cannot be set|
Why you would like to get SSH access to your AKS nodes? Troubleshooting purposes is the answer. Especially when you need access to the kubelet logs.
Assuming you have provided an admin username and a public SSH key during the AKS cluster deployment we can directly move towards to the SSH access procedure.
In the case you did not provide values for both options have a look at Azure docs.
The SSH access procedure is well described in the AKS section on Azure docs.
But a Debian container image is used which is much larger than an Alpine container image. I slightly modified the kubectl command to the following one which spins up a pod on the AKS cluster.
kubectl run -it --rm --generator=run-pod/v1 aks-ssh --image=alpine --labels=app=aksssh
I am executing the command in one of my two bash terminals and I get directly connected to the prompt.
Next, I am launching the following script in my second bash terminal.
#!/bin/bash kubectl exec aks-ssh -c aks-ssh -- apk update kubectl exec aks-ssh -c aks-ssh -- apk add openssh-client bash kubectl cp ~/.ssh/id_rsa aks-ssh:/id_rsa kubectl exec aks-ssh -c aks-ssh chmod 0600 id_rsa
The script installs the SSH component on the pod and copies the SSH private key into it. Afterwards the pod is ready to be used as an SSH jump box for the AKS nodes.
In the second bash terminal we should run
kubectl get nodes -o json | jq .items.status.addresses.address to get the name and IP addresses of the AKS nodes. Then we can log in to the specific AKS node from the pod via the following command.
ssh -i id_rsa username@ipaddress
On the AKS node we can query the kubelet logs.
journalctl -u kubelet -o cat
Or we save them into a txt file and copy the file via the jump box pod onto the local workstation.
#Run on AKS node journalctl -u kubelet > kubelet-logs.txt #Run on SSH pod scp -i id_rsa username@ipaddress:~/kubelet-logs.txt ./kubelet-logs.txt #Run on second bash terminal kubectl cp aks-ssh:kubelet-logs.txt ~/kubelet-logs.txt
Now you know when to access AKS nodes via SSH and how to achieve it. You can find my scripts for the SSH access on my GitHub repo.